Van-Caldiran Türkiye 1976 (KOERI)

back to event list
Event ID
197611241222
Event name
Van-Caldiran
Country
Türkiye
Epicentral coordinates (long/lat)
POINT(44.16 39.12)
WKT GIS format
GEMECD contributing partner
KOERI
Event narrative

The 1976 Çaldıran-Muradiye earthquake occurred at 14:22 local time (12:22 UTC) on 24 November. The epicenter was located near Çaldıran, 20 km northeast of Muradiye, in the Van Province of eastern Turkey. The earthquake had a magnitude of 7.5 with a maximum intensity of X on the Mercalli intensity scale. The area of severe damage, where over 80% of the buildings were destroyed, covered an area of 2,000 square kilometres. There were between 4,000 and 5,000 casualties. In Çaldıran 95% of the houses were destroyed with all the others damaged to some extent and 615 of the 3,304 inhabitants were killed. In the villages around Çaldıran over 80% of the houses were destroyed and most of the rest were damaged; 2,313 of the 27,587 inhabitants were killed. In Muradiye almost all the houses were either completely collapsed or damaged and 159 of the 6,753 inhabitants were killed. Most of the buildings in the epicentral area were constructed of thick walls made from rubble masonry cemented with mud mortar. The structures were typically finished with a heavy earth roof with wooden supports. The very low resistance to lateral loads of these structures explains why almost all the buildings in Caldiran collapsed in the earthquake, causing most of the deaths. Reinforced concrete structures generally performed well, with none suffering complete collapse. The performance of brick or stone masonry structures was mixed, with some collapsing and others being apparently unaffected.

Date of occurrence (UTC)
1976-11-24
date
Time of occurrence (UTC)
12:22:00
time
Date of occurrence (local)
1976-11-24
date
Time of occurrence (local)
14:22:00
time
Day of the week (local)
Wednesday
Magnitude
7.5
Magnitude units
Surface wave (Ms)
Focal depth
10
km
Seismological data: source
AFAD
Seismological data: comment

AFAD

Overview data
Loss: Human Casualty
show
hide
People injured
497
number
People injured: source
AFAD
People injured: comment

AFAD


People seriously injured: source
-
People seriously injured: comment

-

People seriously injured: status
N/A

People missing: source
-
People missing: comment

-

People missing: status
N/A

People killed
3840
number
People killed: source
AFAD
People killed: comment

AFAD


People killed due to ground shaking
3840
number
People killed due to ground shaking: source
AFAD
People killed due to ground shaking: comment

AFAD


People dying post catastrophe due to shaking: source
-
People dying post catastrophe due to shaking: comment

-

People dying post catastrophe due to shaking: status
N/A

People missing due to tsunami
0
number
People missing due to tsunami: source
AFAD
People missing due to tsunami: comment

AFAD


People killed due to tsunami
0
number
People killed due to tsunami: source
AFAD
People killed due to tsunami: comment

AFAD


People missing due to fire following
0
number
People missing due to fire following: source
AFAD
People missing due to fire following: comment

AFAD


People killed due to fire following
0
number
People killed due to fire following: source
AFAD
People killed due to fire following: comment

AFAD


People missing due to slope failures
0
number
People missing due to slope failures: source
AFAD
People missing due to slope failures: comment

AFAD


People killed due to slope failures
0
number
People killed due to slope failures: source
AFAD
People killed due to slope failures: comment

AFAD


Loss: Building damage
show
hide
Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking: source
-
Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking: comment

-

Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking: status
N/A

Number of buildings damaged by shaking: source
-
Number of buildings damaged by shaking: comment

-

Number of buildings damaged by shaking: status
N/A

Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking
9552
number
Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking: source
AFAD
Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking: comment

A total number of 9552 dwellings are heavy damaged


Number of dwellings damaged by shaking
12600
number
Number of dwellings damaged by shaking: source
AFAD
Number of dwellings damaged by shaking: comment

A total number of 5118 of 12600 dwellings are moderate damaged and the rest is light damaged


Loss: Socioeconomic
show
hide
People homeless: source
-
People homeless: comment

-

People homeless: status
N/A

Direct economic loss: source
-
Direct economic loss: comment

-

Direct economic loss: status
N/A

Indirect economic loss: source
-
Indirect economic loss: comment

-

Indirect economic loss: status
N/A

Insured loss: status
N/A

Demographics
show
hide
Total number of buildings: source
-
Total number of buildings: comment

-

Total number of buildings: status
N/A