Bam Iran 2003 (KOERI)

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Event ID
200312260156
Event name
Bam
Country
Iran
Region in the country
Kerman Province
World region
Asia
Epicentral coordinates (long/lat)
POINT(58.26 28.95)
WKT GIS format
GEMECD contributing partner
KOERI
Event narrative

The devastating earthquake of 26 December 2003 claimed more than 26,000 lives in the city of Bam and surrounding towns and villages in Southeast Iran, and left the majority of the Bam population homeless. The reason for this tragedy was an unfortunate combination of geological, social and human circumstances. The causative fault practically traversed the city of Bam and the earthquake occurred at a shallow depth. The residential buildings were completely inappropriate for a seismic region, being extremely vulnerable to earthquake shaking, and the earthquake occurred early in the morning when most
people were still sleeping.

Date of occurrence (UTC)
2003-12-26
date
Time of occurrence (UTC)
01:56:54
time
Date of occurrence (local)
2003-12-26
date
Time of occurrence (local)
05:26:54
time
Day of the week (local)
Friday
was it a holiday
Yes
boolean
Magnitude
6.6
Magnitude units
Moment (Mw)
Focal depth
10
km
Seismological data: source
USGS
Seismological data: comment

USGS

Overview data
Loss: Human Casualty
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People injured
23620
number
People injured: source
Akbari et al. (2004). The devastation of Bam: an overview of health issues 1 month after the earthquake, Public Health, 118, 403-408
People injured: comment

In other reports (incl. USGS) 30,000 injured is given, of which 12,000 were hospitalized (sent to hospitals all around Iran).


People seriously injured
8028
number
People seriously injured: source
Akbari et al. (2004). The devastation of Bam: an overview of health issues 1 month after the earthquake, Public Health, 118, 403-408

People missing
525
number
People missing: source
Iran Government Census In Affected Area announced on March 29, 2004

People killed
26271
number
People killed: source
Iran Government Census In Affected Area announced on March 29, 2004
People killed: comment

Census has been done after the earthquake in the affected area. Previously it had been announced that 41000 people had been killed (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3579173.stm), while elesewhere (e.g. IFRC, WHO) 43200 deaths were reported.


People missing due to ground shaking: status
N/A

People killed due to ground shaking
26271
number
People killed due to ground shaking: source
Iran Goverment Census
People killed due to ground shaking: comment

Census has been done after the earthquake


People dying post catastrophe due to shaking: status
N/A

People missing due to tsunami
0
number
People missing due to tsunami: source
-
People missing due to tsunami: comment

-

People killed due to tsunami
0
number
People killed due to tsunami: source
-
People killed due to tsunami: comment

-

People missing due to fire following
0
number
People missing due to fire following: source
-
People missing due to fire following: comment

-

People killed due to fire following
0
number
People killed due to fire following: source
-
People killed due to fire following: comment

-

People missing due to slope failures
0
number
People missing due to slope failures: source
-
People missing due to slope failures: comment

-

People killed due to slope failures
0
number
People killed due to slope failures: source
-
People killed due to slope failures: comment

-

Loss: Building damage
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Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking: source
-
Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking: status
N/A

Number of buildings damaged by shaking: source
-
Number of buildings damaged by shaking: status
N/A

Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking
17182
number
Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking: source
Kuwata
Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking: comment

17182 (destroyed houses) + 10509 (non-residential units were destroyed)


Number of dwellings damaged by shaking
490
number
Number of dwellings damaged by shaking: source
Kuwata
Number of dwellings damaged by shaking: comment

490 (damaged houses) + 3926 (non-residential units were damaged)


Loss: Socioeconomic
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People homeless
75600
number
People homeless: source
USGS-Pager Preferred

Direct economic loss: source
-
Direct economic loss: status
N/A

Indirect economic loss: source
-
Indirect economic loss: status
N/A

Insured loss
19
million US$
Insured loss: source
Munich Re

Demographics
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Total number of buildings: source
-
Total number of buildings: status
N/A