Maule (Bio-Bio) Chile 2010 (ERNAL)

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Event ID
201002270634
Event name
Maule (Bio-Bio)
Country
Chile
Region in the country
Maule, Bio Bio, Santiago
World region
South America
Epicentral coordinates (long/lat)
POINT(-72.733 -35.909)
WKT GIS format
GEMECD contributing partner
ERNAL
Event narrative

The Mw 8.8 Maule (Bio-Bio) earthquake occurred in the Valparaiso-Concepcion-Temuco area, Chile, at 06:34 UTC (03:34 a.m., local time) on 27 February 2010. In addition to strong ground shaking, the earthquake resulted in tsunami. At least 521 people were killed, 56 missing, about 12,000 injured, at least 370,000 houses, 4,013 schools, 79 hospitals and 4,200 boats damaged or destroyed by the earthquake and tsunami in the Valparaiso-Concepcion-Temuco area. At least 2 million people affected in Araucania, Bio-Bio, Maule, O'Higgins, Region Metropolitana and Valparaiso. The total economic loss in Chile was estimated at 30 billion US dollars.

Date of occurrence (UTC)
2010-02-27
date
Time of occurrence (UTC)
06:34:14
time
Date of occurrence (local)
2010-02-27
date
Time of occurrence (local)
03:34:14
time
Day of the week (local)
Saturday
Magnitude
8.8
Magnitude units
Moment (Mw)
Focal depth
35
km
Overview data
Loss: Human Casualty
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People injured
12000
number
People injured: source
http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2010/us2010tfan/#summary
People injured: status
Approximate

People seriously injured
500
number
People seriously injured: source
http://media.swissre.com/documents/sigma2_2012_sp.pdf

People missing
56
number
People missing: source
Gobierno de Chile. “Plan de reconstrucción. Terremoto y maremoto del 27 de febrero de 2010”. Agosto de 2010. http://www.elmostrador.cl/media/2010/12/Plan-de-Reconstrucci%C3%B3n-Agosto-2010.pdf

People killed
521
number
People killed: source
Gobierno de Chile. “Plan de reconstrucción. Terremoto y maremoto del 27 de febrero de 2010”. Agosto de 2010. http://www.elmostrador.cl/media/2010/12/Plan-de-Reconstrucci%C3%B3n-Agosto-2010.pdf

People killed due to ground shaking: status
N/A

People dying post catastrophe due to shaking: status
N/A

People missing due to tsunami
25
number
People missing due to tsunami: source
Document: "27 February 2010 Chile Earthquake and Tsunami Event. Post-Event Assessment of PTWS Performance. UNESCO."
People killed due to tsunami
124
number
People killed due to tsunami: source
http://www.eeri.org/site/images/eeri_newsletter/2010_pdf/Chile10_insert.pdf
People killed due to slope failures
4
number
People killed due to slope failures: source
http://www.eeri.org/site/images/eeri_newsletter/2010_pdf/Chile10_insert.pdf
Loss: Building damage
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Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking
54
number
Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking: source
http://www.eeri.org/site/images/eeri_newsletter/2010_pdf/Chile10_insert.pdf

Number of buildings damaged by shaking: status
N/A

Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking
190358
number
Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking: source
Gobierno de Chile. “Plan de reconstrucción. Terremoto y maremoto del 27 de febrero de 2010”. Agosto de 2010. http://www.elmostrador.cl/media/2010/12/Plan-de-Reconstrucci%C3%B3n-Agosto-2010.pdf

Number of dwellings damaged by shaking
179693
number
Number of dwellings damaged by shaking: source
Gobierno de Chile. “Plan de reconstrucción. Terremoto y maremoto del 27 de febrero de 2010”. Agosto de 2010. http://www.elmostrador.cl/media/2010/12/Plan-de-Reconstrucci%C3%B3n-Agosto-2010.pdf

Loss: Socioeconomic
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People homeless
2000000
number
People homeless: source
Gobierno de Chile. “Plan de reconstrucción. Terremoto y maremoto del 27 de febrero de 2010”. Agosto de 2010. http://www.elmostrador.cl/media/2010/12/Plan-de-Reconstrucci%C3%B3n-Agosto-2010.pdf
People homeless: comment

It refers to people affected. Actual homeless may be around 800,000 (CAT-DAT, 2010 review).


Direct economic loss
30000
million US$
Direct economic loss: source
Gobierno de Chile. “Plan de reconstrucción. Terremoto y maremoto del 27 de febrero de 2010”. Agosto de 2010. http://www.elmostrador.cl/media/2010/12/Plan-de-Reconstrucci%C3%B3n-Agosto-2010.pdf
Direct economic loss: comment

Including the insured losses.


Indirect economic loss
786.5
million US$
Indirect economic loss: source
http://www.mapfre.com/ccm/content/documentos/mapfrere/fichero/es/Ponencia-Mexico-Terremoto-Chile-2010.pdf
Indirect economic loss: comment

Insured. It refers to business interruption losses to various facilities (2 fisheries, 1 winery, 3 ports, 1 airport, 1 telecom company, 1 paper industry, 2 power plants, 1 steel production plant, 1 commercial mall and 2 motorways). The direct loss to these 15 facilities was 950 million US$.


Insured loss
8000
million US$
Insured loss: source
Guy Carpenter
Insured loss: comment

Same estimation by Munich Re.

Insured loss: status
Approximate

Demographics
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Total number of buildings
9974
number
Total number of buildings: comment

According with the estimation of the Chilean Construction Association (Cámara Chilena de la Construcción), based on the building stock between the years 1985 and 2009 in the Regions V, VI, VII, VIII, IX and Metropolitan. Document: “30 PROPUESTAS RELATIVAS AL TERREMOTO 27 DE FEBRERO 2010. COMISIÓN PROVISORIA TERREMOTO 2010 INSTITUTO DE LA CONSTRUCCIÓN 29 DE MARZO DE 2010”