Kobe Japan 1995 (kyoto)
6434 people lost their lives (incl. 932 that died due to various causes during the 12 months after the disaster), 43792 injured and extensive damage (VII JMA) in the Kobe area and on Awaji-shima. Over 90 percent of the casualties occurred along the southern coast of Honshu between Kobe and Nishinomiya. 34 people were killed by a landslide in Nikawa, Nishinomiya city. About 310,000 people were evacuated to temporary shelters. Just over 215,000 buildings were heavily damaged or destroyed and about 7,000 burned. Numerous fires, gas and water main breaks and power outages occurred in the epicentral area. Felt (VII JMA) along a coastal strip extending from Suma Ward, Kobe to Nishinomiya and in the Ichinomiya area on Awaji-shima; (V JMA) at Hikone, Kyoto and Toyooka; (IV JMA) at Nara, Okayama, Osaka and Wakayama; (V) at Iwakuni. Also felt (IV JMA) at Takamatsu, Shikoku. Right-lateral surface faulting was observed for 9 kilometers with horizontal displacement of 1.2 to 1.5 meters in the northern part of Awaji-shima. Liquefaction also occurred in the epicentral area.
(Source : http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/events/1995_01_16.php , The numbers of dead and injured are modified.)
The design standard for wooden buildings was revised in 1981. AIJ conducted survey of damage ratio for buildings in Chuo Ward. It is reported that only 6% suffered no damage among the wooden buildings built before 1981, while 46% after 1982. The design standard for RC buildings was revised in 1971 and 1981. Non-damage ratio is 15% for RC buildings built before 1971, 39% between 1982-1981, and 38% after 1982.
of which 34 due to a landslide and 5075 mostly due to building collapse.
This number is only Hyogo Prefecture. The fire was mainly occurred at Hyogo Prefecture.
http://www.reconstruction.go.jp/topics/6.sankou.pdf (in Japanese, time-stamp: Dec 22, 2005)
total collapse: 186175 unit
half collapse: 274182 unit
partial collapse: unknown