Kobe Japan 1995 (kyoto)

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Event ID
199501162046
Event name
Kobe
Country
Japan
Region in the country
Kobe
World region
Asia
Epicentral coordinates (long/lat)
POINT(135.0 34.6)
WKT GIS format
GEMECD contributing partner
kyoto
Event narrative

6434 people lost their lives (incl. 932 that died due to various causes during the 12 months after the disaster), 43792 injured and extensive damage (VII JMA) in the Kobe area and on Awaji-shima. Over 90 percent of the casualties occurred along the southern coast of Honshu between Kobe and Nishinomiya. 34 people were killed by a landslide in Nikawa, Nishinomiya city. About 310,000 people were evacuated to temporary shelters. Just over 215,000 buildings were heavily damaged or destroyed and about 7,000 burned. Numerous fires, gas and water main breaks and power outages occurred in the epicentral area. Felt (VII JMA) along a coastal strip extending from Suma Ward, Kobe to Nishinomiya and in the Ichinomiya area on Awaji-shima; (V JMA) at Hikone, Kyoto and Toyooka; (IV JMA) at Nara, Okayama, Osaka and Wakayama; (V) at Iwakuni. Also felt (IV JMA) at Takamatsu, Shikoku. Right-lateral surface faulting was observed for 9 kilometers with horizontal displacement of 1.2 to 1.5 meters in the northern part of Awaji-shima. Liquefaction also occurred in the epicentral area.
(Source : http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/events/1995_01_16.php , The numbers of dead and injured are modified.)

Date of occurrence (UTC)
1995-01-16
date
Time of occurrence (UTC)
20:46:00
time
Date of occurrence (local)
1995-01-17
date
Time of occurrence (local)
05:46:00
time
Day of the week (local)
Tuesday
Magnitude
7.3
Focal depth
16
km
Seismological data: source
http://www.fdma.go.jp/data/010604191452374961.pdf
Seismological data: comment

JMA magnitude

Overall impact

The design standard for wooden buildings was revised in 1981. AIJ conducted survey of damage ratio for buildings in Chuo Ward. It is reported that only 6% suffered no damage among the wooden buildings built before 1981, while 46% after 1982. The design standard for RC buildings was revised in 1971 and 1981. Non-damage ratio is 15% for RC buildings built before 1971, 39% between 1982-1981, and 38% after 1982.

Overview data
Loss: Human Casualty
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People injured
43792
number
People injured: source
http://www.fdma.go.jp/data/010604191452374961.pdf

People seriously injured
10683
number
People seriously injured: source
http://www.fdma.go.jp/data/010604191452374961.pdf

People missing
3
number
People missing: source
http://www.fdma.go.jp/data/010604191452374961.pdf

People killed
6434
number
People killed: source
http://www.fdma.go.jp/data/010604191452374961.pdf

People dying post catastrophe
922
number
People dying post catastrophe: source
Website of Kobe city
People dying post catastrophe: comment

Due to the survey for 922 post-catastrophe deaths, the cause of death is reported as follows; pneumonia(223 people), cardiac failure(143), myocardial infarction(95), respiratory failure(71), stroke(42), brain hemorrhage(41), kidney failure(39), liver cirrhosis(19), bronchial infection(16), other (232).
Source:
http://www.city.kobe.lg.jp/safety/health/touhoku/img/goenseihaienn.yobou... (in Japanese)


People missing due to ground shaking: status
N/A

People killed due to ground shaking
5109
number
People killed due to ground shaking: comment

of which 34 due to a landslide and 5075 mostly due to building collapse.

People killed due to ground shaking: status
See comments

People dying post catastrophe due to shaking: status
N/A

People missing due to tsunami: source
0
People killed due to tsunami
0
number
People killed due to fire following
403
number
People killed due to fire following: source
Hyogo Prefecture
People killed due to fire following: comment

This number is only Hyogo Prefecture. The fire was mainly occurred at Hyogo Prefecture.
http://www.reconstruction.go.jp/topics/6.sankou.pdf (in Japanese, time-stamp: Dec 22, 2005)

People killed due to slope failures
34
number
People killed due to slope failures: source
http://www.bousai.go.jp/4fukkyu_fukkou/hanshin_awaji/101.pdf
Loss: Building damage
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Total number of buildings destroyed
104906
number
Total number of buildings destroyed: source
http://www.fdma.go.jp/data/010604191452374961.pdf
Total number of buildings destroyed: status
N/A

Number of buildings damaged
639686
number
Number of buildings damaged: source
http://www.fdma.go.jp/data/010604191452374961.pdf
Number of buildings damaged: status
N/A

Number of dwellings destroyed
186175
number
Number of dwellings destroyed: source
http://www.fdma.go.jp/data/010604191452374961.pdf

Number of dwellings damaged
460357
number
Number of dwellings damaged: source
http://www.fdma.go.jp/data/010604191452374961.pdf
Number of dwellings damaged: comment

total collapse: 186175 unit
half collapse: 274182 unit
partial collapse: unknown

Number of dwellings damaged: status
Greater than

Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking: status
N/A

Number of buildings damaged by shaking: status
N/A

Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking: status
N/A

Number of dwellings damaged by shaking: status
N/A

Loss: Socioeconomic
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People homeless: status
N/A

Direct economic loss
96000
million US$
Direct economic loss: source
http://www.bousai.go.jp/4fukkyu_fukkou/hanshin_awaji/101.pdf

Indirect economic loss: status
N/A

Insured loss: status
N/A

People homeless due to shaking: status
N/A

Direct economic loss due to shaking: status
N/A

Indirect economic loss due to shaking: status
N/A

Demographics
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Number of households: status
N/A

Total number of buildings: status
N/A

Number of households affected by shaking: status
N/A

Total number of buildings affected by shaking: status
N/A

Population: status
N/A