Spitak Armenia 1988 (KOERI)

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Event ID
198812070741
Event name
Spitak
Country
Armenia
Epicentral coordinates (long/lat)
POINT(44.119 40.919)
WKT GIS format
GEMECD contributing partner
KOERI
Event narrative

At least 25,000 people killed, 19,000 injured and 500,000 homeless in the Leninakan-Spitak-Kirovakan area of northern Armenia, USSR.
More than 20 towns and 342 villages were affected and 58 of them were completely destroyed. Damage totaled 16.2 billion U.S. dollars. Damage (X) at Spitak and (IX) at Leninakan, Kirovakan and Stepanavan. Surface faulting 10 km in length and with a maximum throw of 1.5 m occurred. Power transmission lines were severely damaged and landslides buried railroad tracks in the epicentral area. Damage occurred in the Kelbadzhar area, Azerbaijan, USSR. Felt (VII) at Tabatskuri and Borzhomi; (VI) at Bogdanovka, Tbilisi and Yerevan; (V) at Goris; (IV) at Makhachkala and Groznyy; (III) at Sheki and Shemakha, USSR. Four people killed and damage in the Tuzluca-Kagizman-Kars area, Turkey. Felt in the Tabriz-Orumiyeh area, Iran.

Date of occurrence (UTC)
1988-07-12
date
Time of occurrence (UTC)
07:41:24
time
Date of occurrence (local)
1988-07-12
date
Time of occurrence (local)
11:41:24
time
Day of the week (local)
Wednesday
Magnitude
6.7
Magnitude units
Moment (Mw)
Focal depth
6.6
km
Seismological data: source
USGS
Seismological data: comment

USGS

Overview data
Loss: Human Casualty
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People injured
19000
number
People injured: source
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People injured: comment

USGS


People seriously injured: source
-
People seriously injured: comment

-

People seriously injured: status
N/A

People missing: source
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People missing: comment

-

People missing: status
N/A

People killed
25000
number
People killed: source
USGS
People killed: comment

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People killed due to ground shaking
25000
number
People killed due to ground shaking: source
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People killed due to ground shaking: comment

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People dying post catastrophe due to shaking: source
-
People dying post catastrophe due to shaking: comment

-

People dying post catastrophe due to shaking: status
N/A

People missing due to tsunami
0
number
People missing due to tsunami: source
USGS
People missing due to tsunami: comment

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People killed due to tsunami
0
number
People killed due to tsunami: source
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People killed due to tsunami: comment

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People missing due to fire following
0
number
People missing due to fire following: source
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People missing due to fire following: comment

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People killed due to fire following
0
number
People killed due to fire following: source
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People killed due to fire following: comment

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People missing due to slope failures
0
number
People missing due to slope failures: source
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People missing due to slope failures: comment

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People killed due to slope failures
0
number
People killed due to slope failures: source
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People killed due to slope failures: comment

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Loss: Building damage
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Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking: source
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Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking: comment

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Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking: status
N/A

Number of buildings damaged by shaking: source
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Number of buildings damaged by shaking: status
N/A

Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking: source
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Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking: comment

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Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking: status
N/A

Number of dwellings damaged by shaking: source
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Number of dwellings damaged by shaking: comment

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Number of dwellings damaged by shaking: status
N/A

Loss: Socioeconomic
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People homeless
500000
number
People homeless: source
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People homeless: comment

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People homeless: status
Approximate

Direct economic loss
16200
million US$
Direct economic loss: source
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Direct economic loss: comment

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Direct economic loss: status
Approximate

Indirect economic loss: source
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Indirect economic loss: comment

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Indirect economic loss: status
N/A





Demographics
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Total number of buildings: source
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Total number of buildings: comment

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Total number of buildings: status
N/A