Gujarat (Bhuj) India 2001 (CAR)

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Event ID
200101260316
Event name
Gujarat (Bhuj)
Country
India
Region in the country
Gujarat State
World region
Asia
Epicentral coordinates (long/lat)
POINT(70.29 23.4)
WKT GIS format
GEMECD contributing partner
CAR
Event narrative

On Friday 26th January 2001, at 08:46 local time, a tremendous earthquake of moment magnitude 7.6 and focal depth of 23 km struck the district of Kutch in the Gujarat state, India.

The main shock’s epicentre (23.40°N, 70.29°E) was in the Bhachau sub-district where up to 5% of the population was killed.

In the USGS EXPO-CAT database it is estimated that during this earthquake 4,456,000 people were exposed to intensity VII or greater, of which around 58% were in rural areas.

The earthquake occurred on India’s Republic Day and at the time of occurrence parades and flag hoisting ceremonies were taking place in open spaces across the affected region. This fact may have contributed to a reduced loss of life as many school and other public buildings collapsed in this earthquake, although in Anjar city more than 300 parading students were killed due to falling debris as the parade was taking place in a narrow street.

Date of occurrence (UTC)
2001-01-26
date
Time of occurrence (UTC)
03:16:00
time
Date of occurrence (local)
2001-01-26
date
Time of occurrence (local)
08:46:00
time
Day of the week (local)
Friday
was it a holiday
Yes
boolean
Magnitude
7.6
Magnitude units
Moment (Mw)
Focal depth
23.3
km
Seismological data: source
USGS
Seismological data: comment

ShakeMap Atlas

Overall impact

Initially the Gujarat government had estimated the death toll for this event at 20,005 but this figure included many missing people. When the government made a thorough household level investigation in the affected region for the purpose of providing assistance to affected families the number of fatalities was reduced to 13,805. In addition around 25 people were killed in Pakistan’s Sindh province. In the Kutch district the death toll reached 12,221 and 136,050 injured (of which 14,400 were seriously injured).

In the remaining districts of Gujarat State there were 1584 deaths and 30,800 injured, with around half of the deaths occurring in the city of Ahmedabad situated 320 km east of the epicentre, where 69 reinforced concrete frame buildings (mostly residential) with 5 to 11 storeys, collapsed killing 750 people, thus exposing the high seismic risk in urban areas of India.

Similarly several tall RC buildings collapsed in Rajkot (100 km away from the epicentre) and one in Surat (340 km away from the epicentre).

In the Kutch district the capital city of Bhuj (population of 120,000) was devastated, with three quarters of the city’s tall RC buildings (5 or more storeys) collapsing. The Bhuj District Hospital also collapsed causing the loss of 175 lives.

In total just over 222,000 dwelling units were destroyed in this earthquake and the number of homeless people reached at least 600,000.

A joint report by the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank estimated the direct cost of the earthquake at 4.4 billion US$ with an additional 0.57 billion US$ indirect losses related to loss of output.

Overview data
Loss: Human Casualty
show
hide
People injured
166812
number
People injured: source
Vatsa K.S. (2002). Government Response and Socio-economic Impacts. Earthquake Spectra, Special Issue on Gujarat earthquake, Vol. 18, Issue S1, p.383-398

People seriously injured
20717
number
People seriously injured: source
Japan Society of Earthquake Engineers Reconnaisance Report
People seriously injured: comment

14382 seriously injured in the Kachchh district


People missing
0
number

People killed
13830
number
People killed: source
Vatsa K.S. (2002). Government Response and Socio-economic Impacts. Earthquake Spectra, Special Issue on Gujarat earthquake, Vol. 18, Issue S1, p.383-398
People killed: comment

13805 killed in India of which 12,221 in the Kachchh district.
~25 killed in Pakistan.


People killed due to ground shaking
13830
number
People killed due to ground shaking: source
Vatsa K.S. (2002). Government Response and Socio-economic Impacts. Earthquake Spectra, Special Issue on Gujarat earthquake, Vol. 18, Issue S1, p.383-398

People dying post catastrophe due to shaking: status
N/A

People missing due to tsunami
0
number
People killed due to tsunami
0
number
People missing due to fire following
0
number
People killed due to fire following
0
number
People missing due to slope failures
0
number
People killed due to slope failures
0
number
Loss: Building damage
show
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Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking: source
Vatsa K.S. (2002). Government Response and Socio-economic Impacts. Earthquake Spectra, Special Issue on Gujarat earthquake, Vol. 18, Issue S1, p.383-398
Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking: comment

1228 "complete damage" buildings in the health sector

Number of buildings damaged by shaking: source
Vatsa K.S. (2002). Government Response and Socio-economic Impacts. Earthquake Spectra, Special Issue on Gujarat earthquake, Vol. 18, Issue S1, p.383-398
Number of buildings damaged by shaking: comment

2758 "partial damage" buildings in the health sector.
13702 "affected" institutions in the education sector.

Number of buildings damaged by shaking: status
N/A

Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking
378286
number
Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking: source
Vatsa K.S. (2002). Government Response and Socio-economic Impacts. Earthquake Spectra, Special Issue on Gujarat earthquake, Vol. 18, Issue S1, p.383-398
Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking: comment

Fully destroyed houses


Number of dwellings damaged by shaking
968879
number
Number of dwellings damaged by shaking: source
Vatsa K.S. (2002). Government Response and Socio-economic Impacts. Earthquake Spectra, Special Issue on Gujarat earthquake, Vol. 18, Issue S1, p.383-398
Number of dwellings damaged by shaking: comment

Partially destroyed houses


Loss: Socioeconomic
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People homeless
1790000
number
People homeless: source
OCHA
People homeless: comment

Other estimates (OFDA) suggest 600,000 homeless, but on the basis of the destroyed dwellings (378,286) the OCHA eastimate is preferred.


Direct economic loss
4405
million US$
Direct economic loss: source
Asian Development Bank & World Bank when accounting for improved-standard reconstruction costs
Direct economic loss: comment

In addition Munich Re estimates 100 million US$ direct economic loss in Sidh Province (Pakistan).

Excl. 100 million US$ in insured losses in India reported by Munich Re.


Indirect economic loss
573
million US$
Indirect economic loss: source
Asian Development Bank & World Bank mean estimate of 491-655 million US$ for output losses

Insured loss
100
million US$
Insured loss: source
Munich Re
Insured loss: status
Approximate

Demographics
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Total number of buildings: status
N/A