L'Aquila Italy 2009 (CAR)
On Monday April 6th 2009, at 03:32 local time, an earthquake of moment magnitude 6.3 struck the town of L’Aquila and surroundings in Central Italy’s Abruzzo region.
The April 6, 2009 main shock was preceded by an earthquake swarm which started at the end of 2008; the largest earthquake of this swarm had magnitude 4.1 and occurred on March 30th 2009.
The shallow focal depth (9 km) and proximity of the epicentre (42.33°N, 13.33°E) to the city of L’Aquila and surrounding villages meant that damage was quite severe and loss of life occurred mostly due to collapse of old masonry and some reinforced concrete buildings (e.g. a student dormitory of L’Aquila University etc.).
The USGS’s PAGER system estimated that during this earthquake 88,000 people were exposed to intensity VII or greater.
The earthquake caused 308 deaths and nearly 1,200 injuries of which 202 were serious. This was the deadliest earthquake in Italy since the November 23, 1980 earthquake in the region of Campania and the most destructive earthquake in L’Aquila since the series of three earthquakes that devastated the wider region in January 14, 16 and February 2, 1703 killing at least 10,000 people.
203 people died in L’Aquila (a city of 73,000 inhabitants and many more thousands of non-resident students of the L’Aquila University), while in the village of Onna 38 out of circa 350 inhabitants were killed.
The hospital at L'Aquila, where many of the victims were brought, suffered damage in the 4.8 aftershock which occurred one hour after the main earthquake and had to be partly evacuated. Damage to L’Aquila’s and wider regions’ historic buildings and churches was also quite severe.
In total almost 4,000 buildings collapsed or were damaged beyond repair, while another 70,000 buildings were damaged but repairable, with the number of long-term homeless reaching 49,000 people.
The Italian government in a report to the EU estimated the cost of the earthquake at just over €10 billion while insured losses reached 250 million US$.
1500 to 1600 people reported injured.
4 months after the event; initially the homeless were 65,000
The insured losses are not included. Munich Re suggests 2651 million US$ overall economic loss incl. 260 million US$ insured losses.
The insured losses have not been added to the direct economic loss figure.