Aigion Greece 1995 (CAR)
On Thursday 15th June 1995, at 03:15 local time, an earthquake of moment magnitude 6.5 and focal depth of 14 km struck the town of Aigion situated on the southern shores of the Gulf of Corinth in Central Greece.
The main shock’s epicentre (38.44°N, 22.31°E) was around 18 km northeast of Aigion town which had population of 23,000 people. In the USGS EXPO-CAT database it is estimated that during this earthquake 58,000 people were exposed to intensity VII or greater, of which around 42% were in rural areas.
A strong aftershock (Mw=5.6) followed 15 minutes later causing further damage including the partial or total collapse of a few buildings.
During the main shock sections of two RC buildings (a 4-storey coastal hotel and a 5-storey apartment block in the town centre) collapsed causing the loss of 26 lives while at least 59 were rescued by neighbors, relatives and search and rescue operations. In addition 4 other RC buildings collapsed but did not cause loss of life (these were an industrial building and three low-rise houses with soft-storey at ground level).
In total 1887 buildings were destroyed or damaged beyond repair with the direct loss estimated at 660 million US$. The number of homeless reached 15,000.
The University of Patras’ Department of Civil Engineering carried-out a detailed damage survey in Aigion town centre and assessed the damage to all the buildings within the chosen study zone containing 2108 buildings (1149 RC and 859 masonry and mixed structure buildings). Most of the damage occurred in the area of the historic town centre in a zone of about 0.2 km2.
16 people were killed in a five-storey apartment building in Aigion and 10 at a four-storey hotel in Valimitika, 5 km to the east.
2,000 buildings had been collapsed or suffered irreparable damage.
6,155 buildings had been inspected as of the date of the reference report, excluding the destroyed.
Referring to Greek Government's estimations
Athens News Agency, June 20, 1995 reported approximately 650 million US$ referring to Greek Government estimation.