Popayan Colombia 1983 (ERNAL)

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Event ID
198303311312
Event name
Popayan
Country
Colombia
Epicentral coordinates (long/lat)
POINT(-76.659 2.439)
WKT GIS format
GEMECD contributing partner
ERNAL
Event narrative

An earthquake of magnitude 5.6 (Mw) struck the city of Popayan, located in southwestern Colombia, at 8:12 in the morning (local time) the 31st of March 1983 during Easter celebrations. The earthquake was felt in 11 surrounding municipalities of the department of Cauca and it had a focal depth of 30.1 km. The historic city center was destroyed by the ground shaking and most of the colonial buildings constructed in adobe or “tapia pisada” (compacted earth held in place with a temporary form) were severely damaged. Approximately 2500 dwellings were completely destroyed and more than 1500 people were injured. Since the earthquake occurred while services were being held for catholic Holy Friday celebrations, and part of the Cathedral collapsed, 25% of all the deaths caused by the earthquake occurred there. About 250 people were killed and 1,500 injured. Losses were of the order of US$400 million.

Date of occurrence (UTC)
1983-03-31
date
Time of occurrence (UTC)
13:12:00
time
Date of occurrence (local)
1983-03-31
date
Time of occurrence (local)
08:12:00
time
Day of the week (local)
Thursday
was it a holiday
Yes
boolean
Magnitude
5.6
Magnitude units
Moment (Mw)
Focal depth
30.1
km
Seismological data: source
USGS
Seismological data: comment

ShakeMap Atlas

Overview data
Loss: Human Casualty
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People injured
1500
number
People injured: source
INGEOMINAS. 1986. El Sismo de Popayán del 31 de marzo de 1983. Bogotá, Colombia: INGEOMINAS.
People injured: status
Greater than

People seriously injured
304
number
People seriously injured: source
OPS. Terremoto en Popayán. In: Crónicas de desastre No. 1, 1985. OPS: Washington D.C, United States.

People missing: status
N/A

People killed
300
number
People killed: source
INGEOMINAS. 1986. El Sismo de Popayán del 31 de marzo de 1983. Bogotá, Colombia: INGEOMINAS.

People killed due to ground shaking
300
number
People killed due to ground shaking: source
INGEOMINAS. 1986. El Sismo de Popayán del 31 de marzo de 1983. Bogotá, Colombia: INGEOMINAS.
People killed due to ground shaking: comment

This number is not stated explicitly, but rather taken from the fact that there are no deaths from other factors.


People dying post catastrophe due to shaking: status
N/A

People missing due to tsunami
0
number
People killed due to tsunami
0
number
People missing due to fire following
0
number
People killed due to fire following
0
number
People missing due to slope failures
0
number
People killed due to slope failures
0
number
Loss: Building damage
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Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking
2500
number
Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking: source
Revista Credencial Historia. 2005. Temblores y Terremotos. Revista Credencial Historia Ed. 188. Bogotá, Colombia.

Number of buildings damaged by shaking
6800
number
Number of buildings damaged by shaking: source
Revista Credencial Historia. 2005. Temblores y Terremotos. Revista Credencial Historia Ed. 188. Bogotá, Colombia.

Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking
2470
number
Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking: source
INGEOMINAS. 1986. El Sismo de Popayán del 31 de marzo de 1983. Bogotá, Colombia: INGEOMINAS.

Number of dwellings damaged by shaking
11385
number
Number of dwellings damaged by shaking: source
INGEOMINAS. 1986. El Sismo de Popayán del 31 de marzo de 1983. Bogotá, Colombia: INGEOMINAS.

Loss: Socioeconomic
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People homeless
10000
number
People homeless: source
Revista Credencial Historia. 2005. Temblores y Terremotos. Revista Credencial Historia Ed. 188. Bogotá, Colombia.
People homeless: status
Greater than

Direct economic loss
336.97
million US$
Direct economic loss: source
ERN-Colombia. (2004). Estudio sobre desastres ocurridos en Colombia: Estimación de pérdidas y cuantificación de costos. Bogotá, Colombia: World Bank, ACCI, DNP.

Indirect economic loss
40.87
million US$
Indirect economic loss: source
ERN-Colombia. (2004). Estudio sobre desastres ocurridos en Colombia: Estimación de pérdidas y cuantificación de costos. Bogotá, Colombia: World Bank, ACCI, DNP.

Insured loss
0
million US$
Insured loss: source
Munich Re

Demographics
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Total number of buildings: status
N/A