Port-au-Prince Haiti 2010 (ERNAL)
In the city of Port-au-Prince, the capital of Haiti, an earthquake of magnitude 7 (Mw) occurred at 4:53 p.m. local time on January 12th 2010 with a focal depth of 13 km. The epicenter was nearer to the city of Léogâne (approximately 25 km west of the capital) where 90% of the buildings were critically damaged or destroyed. The government official figures estimate a number of 230000 people killed, 20000 missing and 300000 injured. Over 1000000 people were homeless after the event. Damage to infrastructure in the 2010 Haiti earthquake was extensive, over 58000 buildings were uninhabitable and 208000 dwelling units were damaged due to the earthquake. Many government and landmark buildings were damaged or destroyed, including the Presidential Palace, the National Assembly building, the Port-au-Prince Cathedral, and the main jail. It is estimated that 60% of the nation’s administrative and economic infrastructure was lost, and 80% of the schools and more than 50% of the hospitals were destroyed or damaged which made even more difficult the response after the event. The earthquake is said to be the most destructive event any country has experienced in modern times when measured in terms of the number of people killed as a percentage of the country’s population.
Calculated from the fact that there were approximately 250,000 total people killed+missing
The Haitian government estimated the number fo dead at 230,000 one month after the earthquake, this figure was the next day corrected to 217,000 by the Minister of Interior but on the first anniversary of the event it was raised to 316,000. Serious doubts have been expressed about the accuracy of these estimates, with suggestions that the actual death toll may have been less than 150,000.
Building inventory of the affected areas: Carrefour, Delmas, Leogane, Petion-Ville and Por au Prince