Port-au-Prince Haiti 2010 (ERNAL)

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Event ID
201001122153
Event name
Port-au-Prince
Country
Haiti
Epicentral coordinates (long/lat)
POINT(-72.57 18.45)
WKT GIS format
GEMECD contributing partner
ERNAL
Event narrative

In the city of Port-au-Prince, the capital of Haiti, an earthquake of magnitude 7 (Mw) occurred at 4:53 p.m. local time on January 12th 2010 with a focal depth of 13 km. The epicenter was nearer to the city of Léogâne (approximately 25 km west of the capital) where 90% of the buildings were critically damaged or destroyed. The government official figures estimate a number of 230000 people killed, 20000 missing and 300000 injured. Over 1000000 people were homeless after the event. Damage to infrastructure in the 2010 Haiti earthquake was extensive, over 58000 buildings were uninhabitable and 208000 dwelling units were damaged due to the earthquake. Many government and landmark buildings were damaged or destroyed, including the Presidential Palace, the National Assembly building, the Port-au-Prince Cathedral, and the main jail. It is estimated that 60% of the nation’s administrative and economic infrastructure was lost, and 80% of the schools and more than 50% of the hospitals were destroyed or damaged which made even more difficult the response after the event. The earthquake is said to be the most destructive event any country has experienced in modern times when measured in terms of the number of people killed as a percentage of the country’s population.

Date of occurrence (UTC)
2010-01-12
date
Time of occurrence (UTC)
21:53:00
time
Date of occurrence (local)
2010-01-12
date
Time of occurrence (local)
16:53:00
time
Day of the week (local)
Tuesday
Magnitude
7
Magnitude units
Moment (Mw)
Focal depth
13
km
Seismological data: source
USGS
Seismological data: comment

ShakeMap Atlas

Overview data
Loss: Human Casualty
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People injured
300000
number
People injured: source
EERI. (2010). The Mw 7.0 Haiti Earthquake of January 12, 2010: Report #2. EERI Special Earthquake Report.

People seriously injured
2000
number
People seriously injured: source
PHO. Informe de situación no. 15 del Centro de Operaciones de Emergencia Teeremoto de Haití. Jueves 28 de enero del 2010. Washington D.C
People seriously injured: comment

These are people who received amputations


People missing
20000
number
People missing: source
Official government estimate in: IDB. (2010). Estimating the Direct Economic Damage of the Earthquake in Haiti.
People missing: comment

Calculated from the fact that there were approximately 250,000 total people killed+missing


People killed
230000
number
People killed: source
Official government estimate in: IDB. (2010). Estimating the Direct Economic Damage of the Earthquake in Haiti.
People killed: comment

The Haitian government estimated the number fo dead at 230,000 one month after the earthquake, this figure was the next day corrected to 217,000 by the Minister of Interior but on the first anniversary of the event it was raised to 316,000. Serious doubts have been expressed about the accuracy of these estimates, with suggestions that the actual death toll may have been less than 150,000.

People killed: status
Approximate

People killed due to ground shaking: status
N/A

People dying post catastrophe due to shaking
37301
number
People dying post catastrophe due to shaking: source
Kolbe, A., Hutson R.A. et al (2010). Mortality, crime and access to basic needs before and after the Haiti earthquake: a random survey of Port-au-Prince households. Medicine, Conflict and Survival. 26:4,281-297.
People dying post catastrophe due to shaking: comment

According to the estimates of this study, it was estimated that 4.1% (111,794) of the population in the greater Port-au-Prince area died during or immediately after the earthquake. An additional 1.4% (37,301)died as a result of injuries in the post-earthquake period.


People killed due to tsunami
4
number
People killed due to tsunami: source
USGS. Magnitude 7 Haiti Region 2010 January 12 - Earthquake Summary. Available at http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010rja6.php#summary
People missing due to fire following
0
number
People killed due to fire following
0
number
Loss: Building damage
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Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking
58562
number
Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking: source
Ghosh, S., Huyck, C.K. et al (2011). Crowdsourcing for rapid damage assessment: The global Earth Observation Catastrophe Assessment Network (GEO-CAN). Earthquake Spectra, Volume 27, No. S1, S179-S198. Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI).

Number of buildings damaged by shaking
51941
number
Number of buildings damaged by shaking: source
Ghosh, S., Huyck, C.K. et al (2011). Crowdsourcing for rapid damage assessment: The global Earth Observation Catastrophe Assessment Network (GEO-CAN). Earthquake Spectra, Volume 27, No. S1, S179-S198. Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI).

Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking
105000
number
Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking: source
Gree, R. & Miles, S. (2011). Social Impacts of the 12 January Haiti Earthquake. Earthquake Spectra, Volume 27, No. S1, S447-S462. Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI).

Number of dwellings damaged by shaking
208000
number
Number of dwellings damaged by shaking: source
Gree, R. & Miles, S. (2011). Social Impacts of the 12 January Haiti Earthquake. Earthquake Spectra, Volume 27, No. S1, S447-S462. Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI).

Loss: Socioeconomic
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People homeless
1300000
number
People homeless: source
USGS. Magnitude 7 Haiti Region 2010 January 12 - Earthquake Summary. Available at http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww/Quakes/us2010rja6.php#summary

Direct economic loss
4245.3
million US$
Direct economic loss: source
GFDRR. Global DL-DAT: Haiti Earthauqke 2010. Available at http://www.gfdrr.org/gfdrr/node/623

Indirect economic loss
3517.3
million US$
Indirect economic loss: source
GFDRR. Global DL-DAT: Haiti Earthauqke 2010. Available at http://www.gfdrr.org/gfdrr/node/624

Insured loss
200
million US$
Insured loss: source
Guy Carpenter
Insured loss: status
Approximate

Demographics
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Total number of buildings
298739
number
Total number of buildings: source
Ghosh, S., Huyck, C.K. et al (2011). Crowdsourcing for rapid damage assessment: The global Earth Observation Catastrophe Assessment Network (GEO-CAN). Earthquake Spectra, Volume 27, No. S1, S179-S198. Earthquake Engineering Research Institute (EERI).
Total number of buildings: comment

Building inventory of the affected areas: Carrefour, Delmas, Leogane, Petion-Ville and Por au Prince