Caracas Venezuela 1967 (ERNAL)
On July 29th 1967 at 8p.m. local time, an earthquake occurred off the coast of Venezuela north of Caracas which was of moderate magnitude (Mw 6,6) and had a focal depth between 8 and 25 km. Over a wide area, between Puerto Cabello in the west, Higuerote in the East and El Sombrero in the south almost everyone felt the earthquake. Most people reported that during the earthquake it was difficult to stand and a few people driving cars were disturbed by it. Damage to most single-storey structures was slight, even when these were cosnstructed of inferior materials such as adobe and tapia, but in Caracas four multi-storey apartment buildings collapsed completely and one at Carabelleda on the north coast collapsed partially. Nearly three hundred people were killed by the collapse of these buildings.
Most people died due to the collapse of 5 multi-storey buildings, four in Los Palos Grandes (Caracas) and one in Caraballeda. USGS (ExpoCat) estimated: 240
6 buildings collapsed and 10 had to be demolished
161 multi-storey buildings & 257 single-family dwellings were damaged (all in Caracas) incl. the 10 that would be demolished
Estimate from the fact that 16 multi-storey buildings either collapsed or had to be demolished
Economic loss estimates vary from 50 to 280 million US$ (Ambraseys reported 88 million US$)