Pisco Peru 2007 (ERNAL)

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Event ID
200708152340
Event name
Pisco
Country
Peru
Epicentral coordinates (long/lat)
POINT(-76.509 -13.354)
WKT GIS format
GEMECD contributing partner
ERNAL
Event narrative

On August 15th 2007, at 23 h 40min 59 s (UMT)–18h 40min 59 s (local time), a 7.9Mw magnitude (as estimated by the Geophysical Institute of Peru, IGP) earthquake occurred off the coast of Central Peru. The event occurred in the subduction boundary between the Nazca and South American plates, in which the Nazca plate slides underneath the American plate. The velocity of relative displacements between these plates has been estimated as 70–80 mm/year (e.g., Norabuena et al. 1999, referenced by Tavera et al. 2007). The tensor solution assigned to this event corresponds to a reverse fault with strike 324◦, dip 27◦ and slip 64◦ (USGS). This focal solution is preferred over the alternative one based on regional tectonics, which generally dips towards the NE. The earthquake occurred in an identified seismic gap along the coast of Central Peru. The areas mostly affected by the earthquake are within the Ica, Huancavelica and Lima regions, with an official death toll of 519 people and 1,366 injured, a total of 58,581 houses destroyed or demolished as a result of the severe damage induced, and 13,585 houses affected to some degree (OCHA SR21 2007; www.onu.org.pe). The Peruvian Government estimated losses from the earthquake in US$450millions, and expected a reduction in the economic growth of 0.3% for 2007 as a direct cause of the event.

Date of occurrence (UTC)
2007-08-15
date
Time of occurrence (UTC)
23:40:00
time
Date of occurrence (local)
2007-08-15
date
Time of occurrence (local)
18:40:00
time
Day of the week (local)
Wednesday
Magnitude
8
Magnitude units
Moment (Mw)
Focal depth
39
km
Seismological data: source
USGS
Seismological data: comment

ShakeMap Atlas

Overview data
Loss: Human Casualty
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People injured
2615
number
People injured: source
CAR database

People seriously injured: status
N/A

People missing
318
number
People missing: source
INEI
People missing: comment

Censo dei INEI en zonas afectadas (27/10/07)


People killed
595
number
People killed: source
INEI
People killed: comment

Censo dei INEI en zonas afectadas (27/10/07)


People killed due to ground shaking: status
N/A

People dying post catastrophe due to shaking: status
N/A

People missing due to fire following
0
number
People killed due to fire following
0
number
Loss: Building damage
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Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking
58581
number
Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking: source
OCHA
Total number of buildings destroyed by shaking: comment

(OCHA SR21 2007; www.onu.org.pe).


Number of buildings damaged by shaking
13585
number
Number of buildings damaged by shaking: source
CAR database

Number of dwellings destroyed by shaking: status
N/A

Number of dwellings damaged by shaking: status
N/A

Loss: Socioeconomic
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People homeless: status
N/A

Direct economic loss
800
million US$
Direct economic loss: source
CAR database
Direct economic loss: comment

600 mill US$ econ loss & 200 mill US$ insured loss (MunichRe)


Indirect economic loss: status
N/A

Insured loss
200
million US$
Insured loss: source
Munich Re

Demographics
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Total number of buildings: status
N/A